Resolution No. 36/120 E of 10 December 1981

ON THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE: REAFFIRMING ITS REJECTION OF THOSE PROVISIONS OF THE [CAMP DAVID] ACCORDS WHICH IGNORE OR DENY THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE, INCLUDING THE RIGHT OF RETURN, THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION AND THE RIGHT TO NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE AND SOVEREIGNTY IN PALESTINE AND DECLARING THAT NO STATE HAS THE RIGHT TO UNDERTAKE ANY ACTIONS, MEASURES OR NEGOTIATIONS THAT COULD AFFECT THE FUTURE OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE, ITS INALIENABLE RIGHTS AND THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES WITHOUT THE PARTICIPATION OF THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION
 
 

E

The General Assembly,

Recalling and reaffirming its resolution 2253 (ES- V) of 4 July 1967, 2254 (ES-V) of 14 July 1967, 35/169 of 15 December 1980 and 36/15 of 28 October 1981,

Recalling the resolutions of the Security Council relevant to the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, in particular resolutions 252 (1968) of 21 May 1968, 267 (1969) of 3 July 1969, 271 (1969) of 15 September 1969, 298 (1971) of 25 September 1971, 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980, 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980, and 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980,

Reaffirming that the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible,

Bearing in mind the specific status of Jerusalem and, in particular, the need for protection and preservation of the unique spiritual and religious dimension of the Holy Places in the City,

Recalling the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,

Deploring the persistence of Israel in changing the physical character, the demographic composition, the institutional structure and the status of the Holy City of Jerusalem,

1. Determines once again that all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which have altered or purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem, and in particular, the so-called "Basic Law" on Jerusalem and the proclamation of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, are null and void and must be rescinded forthwith;

2. Affirms that such actions constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East and a threat to international peace and security;

3. Reaffirms its resolution not to recognize that "Basic Law" and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law, seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem and calls upon all States, specialized agencies and other international organizations to comply with the present resolution and other relevant resolutions and urge them not to conduct any business which is not in conformity with the provisions of the present resolution and the other relevant resolutions;

4. Demands that Israel should fully comply with all resolutions of the United Nations relevant to the historic character of the Holy City of Jerusalem, in particular Security Council resolutions 476 (1980) and 478 (1980);

5. Requests the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of those resolutions within six months.

Adopted at the 93rd plenary meeting:

In favor: 139
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma, Burundi, Byelorussia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Democratic Kampuchea, Democratic Yemen, Denmark, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, German Democratic Republic, Federal Republic of Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Vincent, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, USSR, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Tanzania, Upper Volta, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Against: 2
Israel, United States.

Abstentions: 4
Central African Republic, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica.

Absent: 11
Antigua and Barbuda, Botswana, * Congo, * Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Malawi, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Vanuatu.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

* Later advised the Secretariat it had intended to vote in favour.